Aboriginal Perspectives
Stick Game
Origin: 
Blackfoot Nation in Montana 
History: 
The Blackfoot are typical of the Plains Indians in many aspects of their culture. They were nomadic huntergatherers, who lived in tepees. Their games were simplified for reasons of travel; the dice used were portable and the point system was memorized. 
Original Materials: 
4 bones (buffalo ribs); counting sticks 
Adapted Materials: 
4 popsicle sticks dice; 12 toothpicks counting sticks 
Players: 
2 players or teams 
Setup: 
Decorate one side of the 4 sticks with red or black pens as shown.

To Play: 
Hold the 4 stick dice in 1 hand and drop them to the ground. One player keeps tossing until they toss a 0 point value. 
To Score: 
Certain patterns correspond to point values. Players take the tally sticks first from the pile then from each other. The object is to earn all 12 tally sticks.

Math Content: 
Probability, patterns and relations, data management. 
Source: 
Carlson L. (1994). More Than Moccasins, Chicago Il: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556522134. 