Aboriginal Perspectives

 

Time and Temperature

Jessica Wesaquate

Subject Area:

Mathematics

Strand:

Shape and Space (Measurement)

Grade Level:

Three

WNCP:

Main Objective:

Students will describe and compare everyday phenomena, using direct or indirect measurement.

General Outcome:

Estimate, measure and compare, using whole numbers and primarily standard units of measure.

Specific Outcomes:

  1. Estimate and measure the passage of time, using standard units; seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years.

  2. Estimate, read and record temperature to the nearest degree C.

Materials:

Activity One:
Glen Anaquod Tipi Rising or Tim Haywahe Tipi Rising

Activity Two:
Large pair of gloves, pieces of hide, two thermometers

Activities/Lesson Ideas:

  1. Watch tipi raising videos from Glen Anaquod or Tim Haywahe section. Once you have finished watching the videos, pose the following to students:

    Explain if you would use seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months or years to measure:

    • How long it takes to put up an entire tipi.
    • Wrapping the canvas around the tipi.
    • Introducing your name to an elder or instructor.
    • How old the elder or instructor is.
    • How long it takes to create a buffalo hide for a canvas.

  2. One of the materials Plains Indians people used to stay warm during the cold Saskatchewan winter months was hide. Using hide material, students are going to explore the concept of temperature. You will need a large pair of gloves, some pieces of hide and two thermometers.

    Ask for a student volunteer. Place a glove on the child’s left hand. On the child’s other hand, place a glove filled with pieces of hide. Have the child put their arms out, forearm up. Place the thermometers into the two gloves. Allow students to study the thermometer. Take some time to discuss how to read temperatures. How much do the temperatures differ by?